So, your child is struggling in school and nothing is working. The idea pops in your head from time to time that maybe they have a learning disability? It’s something no parent wants to think about, but it’s important to have good information to help you make the best decisions for your child. Some signs you may be seeing are as follows according to the National Institute of Health.
You may notice one or more of these.
Difficulty reading or writingAttention problemsDifficulties rememberingDisorganizedInsufficient coordination
They may also display the following symptoms.
Easily distractedInconsistent school performanceDifficulties finding the right things to sayInappropriate responses in school or social settingsImmature way of speakingDifficulties listening wellProblems adapting to changeProblems understanding words and concepts
Below you will find learning disabilities you may or may not be familiar with and information pertaining to each.
People with dyslexia have trouble with letters, sounds, spelling and word recognition.
Common signs may include:
Failure to fully understand what others are sayingDifficulty organizing written and spoken languageDelayed ability to speakPoor self-expression (for example, saying “thing” or “stuff” for words not recalled)Difficulty learning new vocabulary, either through reading or hearingTrouble learning foreign languagesSlowness in learning songs and rhymesSlow reading as well as giving up on longer reading tasksDifficulty understanding questions and following directionsPoor spellingDifficulty recalling numbers in sequence (for example, telephone numbers and addresses)Trouble distinguishing left from right
Dysgraphia is characterized by problems with writing. This disorder may cause a child to be tense and awkward when holding a pen or pencil, even to the extent of contorting his or her body. A child with poor handwriting that he or she does not outgrow may have dysgraphia.
Other signs of this condition may include:
A strong dislike of writing and/or drawingProblems with grammarTrouble writing down ideasA quick loss of energy and interest while writingTrouble writing down thoughts in a logical sequenceSaying words out loud while writingLeaving words unfinished or omitting them when writing sentences
Signs of this disability include problems understanding basic arithmetic concepts, like fractions, number lines, and positive and negative numbers.
Other symptoms may include:
Difficulty with math-related word problemsTrouble making change in cash transactionsMessiness in putting math problems on paperTrouble recognizing logical information sequences (for example, steps in math problems)Trouble with understanding the time sequence of eventsDifficulty with verbally describing math processes
A person with dyspraxia has problems with motor tasks, like hand-eye coordination, that can interfere with learning.
Some other symptoms of this condition include:
Problems organizing oneself and one’s thingsBreaking thingsTrouble with tasks that require hand-eye coordination, like coloring within the lines, assembling puzzles, and cutting preciselyPoor balanceSensitivity to loud and/or repetitive noises, like the ticking of a clockSensitivity to touch, including irritation over bothersome-feeling clothing
However, it should be noted, these signs are not enough for a diagnosis. If you think your child may have a learning disability, please talk to your pediatrician. They can direct you appropriately.
All content gathered from the Department of Mental Health and Human Services.
“What Are the Indicators of Learning Disabilities?” Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1 Dec. 2016, www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/learning/conditioninfo/symptoms.